Note: No more than 6 credits in introductory courses (ARTH 1, 101, 102) in Art History may be applied to the baccalaureate degree. Not all courses will be offered each semester. Consult the department for announcements of forthcoming offerings.
ARTH 1. Introduction to Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The understanding and appreciation of the visual arts, mainly painting, sculpture, and architecture, throughout world history. Selections of both Western and non- Western art will be used to provide basic terms and techniques for analyzing the style and meaning of works, and for understanding their significance as both aesthetic creations and expressions of social, political, and personal concerns. (Note: Not open to students who are enrolled in or have received credit for ARTH 101 and 102.) Fall, Spring (CE)
ARTH 101. History of Western Art I. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) A chronological survey of the major periods, styles, artists, and monuments of Western visual arts, primarily painting, sculpture, and architecture beginning with the earliest human artistic creations in prehistoric times, continuing through the ancient and medieval worlds to the Gothic era. (Note: Not open to students who are enrolled in or have received credit for ARTH 1 and 102.) Fall
ARTH 102. History of Western Art II. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) A chronological survey of the major periods, styles, artists, and monuments of Western visual arts, primarily painting, sculpture, and architecture, beginning with the Renaissance period, continuing through the Baroque and 18th century to the modern era. (Note: Not open to students who are enrolled in or have received credit for both ARTH 1 and 101. (CE)
ARTH 110. Survey of Ancient Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The art and architecture of ancient Greece and Rome, from the Minoan and Mycenaean periods until the late Roman Empire in the fourth century C.E. This time span is covered in chronological order, with some emphasis on the monuments of the Classical and Hellenistic Greek periods, and the Early to High Roman Imperial periods. (CE)
ARTH 111. Survey of Medieval Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The art of the European Middle Ages from its beginnings in pre-Christian Celtic art through Carolingian and Romanesque art and the art of the great Gothic cathedrals.
ARTH 112. Survey of Renaissance and Baroque Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The painting, sculpture, and architecture of western Europe from 1300 to 1750 including major figures and cultural ideals of the early modern period, from Giotto to Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Bernini, Caravaggio, and Rembrandt.
ARTH 113. Survey of Modern Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Western art from the late eighteenth century to the present, with attention to the dramatic social, technological, and intellectual changes of modern life that set its painting, sculpture, architecture, and other art forms apart from earlier, pre-industrial times. Artists covered range from the Romantics to the Impressionists to van Gogh and Picasso.
ARTH 114. Survey of Asian Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) A comparative study of the artistic traditions of India, China, and Japan, from their Stone Age beginnings to recent trends. Focus on the relationship of works of art to the philosophies of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism. (CE)
ARTH 115. Principles of Architecture. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Analysis of the varieties of architectural space formation, the techniques used to achieve them and the resulting meanings encoded in a selected series of worldwide examples. The course may require several field trips to appropriate examples of space types available in metro New York.
ARTH 200. Studies in the History of Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Topic to be discussed changes each semester. May be repeated for credit.
ARTH 201. Studies in the History of Architecture. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Topic to be discussed changes each semester. May be repeated for credit.
ARTH 203. Art and Archaeology of the Ancient Near East. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The art and architecture of the ancient Near East, focusing on Mesopotamia and Syria-Palestine (“the Fertile Crescent”). Civilizations studied include the Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Hittites, Assyrians, and Persians, all of which contributed greatly to the growth of later Western culture. Archaeological evidence is combined with primary sources such as the Epic of Gilgamesh, and museum visits are encouraged.
ARTH 204. Art of Ancient Egypt. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The art and architecture of ancient Egypt, from the fifth millennium B.C. to the defeat of Cleopatra by the Romans in the first century B.C. Focus on the cultural developments of the Nile Valley civilization and its interactions with other parts of the ancient Mediterranean world. The Great Pyramids, King Tutankhamen, and other fascinations of ancient Egypt come to life through classroom lecture/discussion and museum visits.
ARTH 205. Art of Early Greece: Aegean Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The rise of the Greek civilization in the third and second millennia B.C. in the Aegean Sea region, including the cultures of the Cycladic islands, Minoan Crete, and Mycenaean Greece. The artistic and architectural developments of the Bronze Age provided a foundation on which the wonders of the Greek world were built centuries later. Artifacts (such as the palace at Knossos) are studied in conjunction with myth and legend (such as the tale of Theseus and the Minotaur) in order to illuminate this historical age.
ARTH 206. Art of Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic Greece. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The art and architecture of ancient Greece, from the early seventh century B.C. through the late first century B.C. including sculpture, architecture, and pottery from Greek sites in Turkey and in Italy and objects from mainland Greece. Works of art are discussed not only for their artistic value, but also as historical artifacts that provide information about the daily lives of the ancient Greek people.
ARTH 207. Roman Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The art and architecture of the Roman Empire, from the pre-Roman Etruscan civilization in the 500s B.C. to the rise of Late Antiquity after the reign of Constantine the Great. Focus is on the major developments of Roman culture, including portraiture, historical relief, luxury objects, architecture, and engineering projects. Exploration of fashions and trends set in the Imperial city of Rome, as well as the development and interpretation of these trends in the Roman provinces.
ARTH 211. Early Christian and Byzantine Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The art and architecture of the Mediterranean early Christian world of the fourth century through the creation of Byzantine art in the sixth century and subsequent developments in the Greek east until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453.
ARTH 212. Early Medieval Art in Western Europe. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The art of the northern European bronze and iron ages up to the spread of Celtic culture and the arrival of Christian art. Topics include Insular manuscript painting and Carolingian art and architecture through the ninth century.
ARTH 214. Romanesque Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The origins and development of the first pan-European art of the Middle Ages from the tenth through the twelfth centuries. The major expressions of Romanesque painting, sculpture, manuscripts, and architecture in France, England, Germany, and Spain are analyzed in detail.
ARTH 215. Gothic Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The origins and development of the Gothic style in architecture, sculpture, stained glass and precious metalwork from the mid-twelfth century through the Late Gothic style of the fifteenth century, with special emphasis on the art of France and the great cathedrals.
ARTH 220. Renaissance Art and the Birth of Modernity. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) In this course, students will become familiar with the profound innovations in painting, sculpture, and architecture created in Europe from about 1300 to 1700, which set the course and standards for much of Western visual culture down to the past century. From Giotto to Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, and Rembrandt, we will examine what is meant by the term “Renaissance” in the visual arts and European society at large, including its contacts and exchanges with global cultures outside the west. The period was marked by not only a rebirth of the artistic forms of ancient Greece and Rome, but a broader reawakening of curiosity about the natural world and human character, about life here on Earth and how it might be shaped and improved by reason and ingenuity, that led to the modern world. Although the Renaissance has often been glorified as the triumph of science, secularism, and reason, we will see how it was energized by a broader tension between the new secular spirit and the ongoing influence of faith and the church—a situation that is still with us. In addition to the major personalities and cultural centers of Europe, we will investigate how artistic developments there were influenced by increasing contacts with Africa, Asia, and the Islamic lands, and how Europeans interacted with cultures around the world as they explored and colonized the globe, particularly Latin America. Special attention will be paid to the birth, goals, and methods of the academic discipline of art history, which was itself a characteristic invention of the Renaissance period, and how it has changed over time since its inception. (CE)
ARTH 221. Early Renaissance Art in Italy, 1250–1400. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Painting, sculpture, architecture, and decorative arts in Florence, Venice, and other regions, viewed as the culmination of the Middle Ages and precursor to the Renaissance. Special emphasis on art as the expression of political and religious beliefs.
ARTH 222. Renaissance Art in Italy: The Fifteenth Century. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Major trends and personalities in painting, sculpture, and architecture from the classical revival around 1400 to the dawn of the High Renaissance. Artists who set the direction of Western art well into the modern era, including Masaccio, Botticelli, and Leonardo da Vinci.
ARTH 223. Renaissance Art in Italy: The Sixteenth Century. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The culmination of Renaissance ideals in the art and architecture of Raphael, Michelangelo, Titian, and Palladio, and the conflicting responses of later artists to the spiritual and aesthetic upheavals of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation. Religious and secular art, palaces and villas, and theaters exemplify changes in politics, patronage, and the role and status of artists. (AP, ET)
ARTH 225. Early Netherlandish Painting. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Sources and development of painting in Flanders and Holland in the 15th century, concentrating on the work of Jan van Eyck, Rogier van der Weyden, Hugo van der Goes, Hans Memling, and Hieronymus Bosch.
ARTH 226. German Painting and Printmaking, 1400–1530. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Sources and development of painting, woodcut, and engraving in Germany from the late Gothic period to the Reformation, concentrating on the work of Schongauer, Dürer, Grünewald, and Holbein.
ARTH 229. Renaissance and Baroque Architecture. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The development of European architecture from the classical revival in 15th-century Florence through the grandeur of Baroque Rome and the final flowering of the Rococo period. Buildings and cities as expressions of cultural values and social structures, and the spread of Renaissance principles as far as Spain and Russia, plus their gradual influence outside Europe (colonial Americas) and mutual interaction with Asia.
ARTH 234. Baroque Art in Italy. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Development of the novel and dramatic elements of Baroque art in the major Italian art centers (Venice, Rome, Naples, and Bologna), with attention to such artists as Caravaggio, Bernini, Poussin, and Claude Lorrain.
ARTH 238. Baroque Art in Northern Europe. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Origins and development of the Baroque style in what is now the Netherlands and Belgium, beginning with Rubens and van Dyck and their Italian influences and moving to the “Golden Age” of Dutch art, including Frans Hals, Rembrandt, and Vermeer.
ARTH 239. Seventeenth-Century Painting in France and Spain. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The sources and development of painting during the Golden Age of the Spanish empire and the court of Louis XIV at Paris and Versailles, including such artists as Velázquez and Poussin. Cultural relations between the two major powers and the rest of Europe, as well as with their overseas colonies.
ARTH 240. The Eighteenth Century in Europe. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Baroque, Rococo, and Neo-Classical trends in the art and architecture of France, England, Italy, and Germany. Artistic practice and patronage are considered against the broader cultural backdrop of the Enlightenment and the Age of Revolution, including connections to literature and theatre.
ARTH 246. European Art, 1789–1848. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Painting and sculpture from the French Revolution to the Revolution of 1848, with particular attention to Neo-Classicism, Romanticism, and the rise of Realism. Works of art as well as arts institutions and patrons are examined in their historical context.
ARTH 247. European Art, 1848–1900. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The radical transformations of painting and sculpture in France and its neighbors, with a focus on the confrontations between traditional academic art and the avant-garde trends of Realism, Impressionism, and Symbolism.
ARTH 250. Impressionism. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) A survey of the short-lived but enduringly popular Impressionist movement in France, concentrating on the careers and production of Manet, Monet, Renoir, Degas, Morisot, and their circle, from the early 1860s to mid-1880s.
ARTH 251. Art of the United States, Colonial Era to 1900. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) A survey of painting and sculpture in the colonies and new republic, with attention to the development of uniquely “American” approaches to portraiture, landscape, still life, historical events, and everyday life.
ARTH 252. Art of the United States, 1900–1970. (3 hours/week; 3 credits)
ARTH 254. Twentieth-Century Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Focusing primarily on Western art, a survey of the major modernist and avant-garde movements of the 20th century, from Fauvism, Cubism, and Constructivism to Earth Art. Greater emphasis is placed on the pioneering movements of the first half of the century.
ARTH 255. Late Modern and Contemporary Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Organized thematically, a survey of key developments, especially in Western art, during the period from World War II to the present, such as Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, and Conceptual Art. Historical connections are traced to influential pre-war avant-garde practices.
ARTH 256. Contemporary Art Practices. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Prereq: None (ARTH 1 or 102 recommended as preparation). Introduction to the range of contemporary art modalities in light of the socio-political context in which they arose or flourished, with a view to illuminating the ideas and ambitions embedded within this challenging, anti-traditional work. The course will address both the practices of the visual arts (style, genre, media, movements), and the multiple theoretical bases for justifying such practices—a combination that will enlighten students not only about the art itself, but about the nature and function of art history, art criticism, and theory. (CE)
ARTH 257. History of Modern Sculpture. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) A survey of the radical shifts in sculptural practices since the late 19th century through a study of the careers of prominent sculptors: from Rodin and Brancusi to Duchamp and Picasso, Giacometti, Bourgeois, Noguchi, Andre, Hesse, and others.
ARTH 258. History of Photography. (3 hours/week; 3 credits). A survey of photography’s history as an art form as well as of its social history, with attention to how those histories intersect. Organized thematically by photographic genres: portraiture, landscape, documentary, and others. (CE)
ARTH 259. Modern Architecture. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) A survey of architecture from the 19th century to the present, with emphasis on emerging technologies and new building types. Examines the contributions to the modern built environment of the Beaux-Arts school, the Bauhaus, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Le Corbusier, among others.
ARTH 260. Dada and Surrealism. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Dada and Surrealist art and literature from their origins in World War I to their interwar flowering and later influence. These two movements radicalized our modern understanding of painting, sculpture, collage, photography, and film, and paved the way for many subsequent developments down to Postmodernism. The course traces their philosophical and theoretical sources in idealism, materialism, and psychoanalysis. Classroom activities are supplemented by film screenings and museum visits, emphasizing direct contact with artworks in local museums.
ARTH 262. Principles of City Planning. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The development of city planning as a discipline since the 19th century, including the contributions of major designers and theoreticians; selected case studies of particular cities around the globe at various time periods; and contemporary issues and controversies about the planning of modern cities.
ARTH 264. History of Graphic Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) A survey of prints and printmaking from the fifteenth through the twentieth centuries, concentrating on woodcut, engraving, etching, and lithography. Among the artists to be considered are Master E.S., Schongauer, Dürer, Callot, Rembrandt, Goya, and Picasso.
ARTH 270. Art of India. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) A survey of Indian art from c. 2000 BCE to the twentieth century, including sculpture, architecture, and painting of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam. The major artworks will be examined within the context of the country’s religious, social, and political developments.
ARTH 271. Art and Architecture of Southeast Asia. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) An introduction to Buddhist and Hindu temple building, sculpture and painting in the countries of Southeast Asia, such as Thailand, Burma, Cambodia, and Indonesia, with emphasis on form and meaning in Southeast Asian religious art.
ARTH 272. Art of China. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) An exploration of the arts of China—ceramics, bronzes, sculpture, painting, and architecture—from the Neolithic period to the Qing dynasty, focusing on stylistic development and thematic concerns.
ARTH 273. Art of Japan. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) An examination of Japanese art from prehistoric Jomon pottery through 19th-century ukiyo-e woodblock prints. Special attention to the evolution and pattern of Japanese art in regard to religion, philosophy, and outside influence.
ARTH 274. Art of Korea. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) A study of Korean art—metalwork, sculpture, lacquer, ceramic, and painting—from the Neolithic period to the twentieth century, examining the development of these arts in the context of the country’s politics, religion, and relationships with China and Japan.
ARTH 277. Buddhist Art and Architecture. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Buddhist art and architecture from India, China, Korea, and Japan, as well as Southeast Asian countries including Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, and Indonesia, emphasizing the cultural and artistic links between the predominantly Buddhist countries.
ARTH 278. Chinese Painting. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Chinese painting from its origin and techniques to political symbolism and stylistic variety. Particular attention is given to philosophical considerations of the early masters, Neo-Confucian cosmology and Song monumental landscape, literati painting theory and practice, and the rise of Ming-Qing individualism as a response to nature, society, and tradition.
ARTH 280. Art and Architecture of Ancient Mesoamerica. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Painting, sculpture, and architecture from Pre-Columbian Mexico (1500 BCE to 1521 CE), with particular attention to the Olmec, Mayan, Aztec, and Teotihuacán cultures, along with their writing, calendars, and belief systems.
ARTH 282. Art and Architecture of the Andes. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) A survey of ceramics, textiles, metalwork, and monumental sculpture and architecture produced in the Andean region (mainly modern-day Peru) from ca. 2500 BCE until the Spanish Conquest in the 15th-century CE. Covers the Chavín, Moche, and Inca cultures, among others.
ARTH 284. Post-Conquest Art of Latin America. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) The arts of Mexico, Central America, and South America from the era of Columbus to the present, with attention to the dynamic tension between surviving native artistic traditions and the styles and subjects imported by Europeans. Covers both the hybrid art of the period of colonization, and the development of various national schools after political independence was achieved beginning in the early 19th century.
ARTH 286. African Art. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) A survey of the principal areas of cultural creativity on the African continent and their distinctive styles and beliefs, from early tribal civilizations through the arrival of Islam, the rise of centralized states, and the encounter with European colonists.
ARTH 300. Senior Colloquium in Art History Methods. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Prereq.: Permission of the department. Required for all majors in art history. Offered in the fall semester and must be taken in the student’s senior year. An introduction to both the practical methods of research and writing in art history and to the range of intellectual approaches to the interpretation of works of art, including style and connoisseurship, iconography, and psychological and sociological methods. Emphasis is on reading and class discussion, and on a series of exercises to develop techniques for effective presentation of ideas in both written and oral form, culminating in an illustrated lecture. (Capstone) Fall
ARTH 310. Museum Studies. (3 hours/week; 3 credits) Prereq.: At least one Art History class beyond the survey level (ARTH 200–299). This course will acquaint students with museum work by providing supervised participation in the functioning of the Godwin-Ternbach Museum. Students will engage in such museum activities as the preparation of exhibitions and care of the collection. Practical experience will be supplemented by lectures on the history of the art museum and the concerns of the contemporary museum world, and by behind-the-scene visits to other museums. A term paper on a particular object in the Museum’s collection is required.
ARTH 320, 320W. Internship in Art History. ARTH 320.1–320.4, 1–4 hr.; 1–4 cr. Prereq.: ENGL 110; 3.0 department average; a letter of acceptance detailing the research project from the program to which student is applying; permission of the art history advisor. An independent course in which a student works for a semester as an intern in a museum or an agency dealing with works of art. The course permits the student to develop and undertake a special research project related to the internship under the supervision of a department advisor. Evaluation of the student will be based on a report from a supervisor on student’s work and a written report on the project.
ARTH 330. Special Problems. (6 hours/week; 3 credits) Prereq.: College average 2.75, department average 3.3. Open to a limited number of qualified students who want to do independent work in the history of art. Written application for permission to enroll, stating in detail the nature and scope of the proposed project, must be submitted to the department chair at least one month prior to the date of registration. Fall, Spring